A head injury is any injury to the brain, skull, or scalp — they’re
some of the most common injuries experienced here in the United States
and can range from a small bump on the head to a traumatic brain injury (TBI).
It’s often difficult to assess how bad a head injury is just by looking
at it, which is why many go untreated.
Understanding Head Injuries
What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that occurs after a blow
to the head or whiplash injury (such as a car accident). Though concussions
are considered a mild TBI (because they’re not life-threatening)
they should still be taken seriously, especially if you’ve had more than one.
Signs and Symptoms of a Concussion
- Becoming unconscious
- Disordered mental state
- Short-term memory loss
- Double or blurred vision
- Increased reaction time
- Sensitivity to light and sound
Who’s Most At-Risk for a Concussion?
Anyone can suffer a concussion, however athletes are most likely to experience
one in their lifetime. Football, hockey, rugby, and soccer players are
some of the most likely to get a concussion.
Are Concussions Serious?
Though concussions are typically not life-threatening, you should
see a doctor if you think you’ve experienced one. Additionally, concussions tend
to be accompanied by spine and neck injuries, which can be serious.
What is a Post-Traumatic Headache?
A post-traumatic headache (PTH) is defined by the
International Headache Society as: “a headache developing within seven days of the injury or after
Post-traumatic headaches typically resemble the following types of headaches:
Migraines: Relatively severe and pulsating pain accompanied by nausea and light/sound
Tension headaches: A mild headache that can cause sensitivity to light and/or sound, but does
not cause nausea or vomiting.
Post traumatic headaches can also cause a person to experience dizziness,
short-term memory loss, fatigue, and changes in mood or personality.
Are Post-Traumatic Headaches Serious?
Though they’re not considered life-threatening and typically resolve
themselves within a few weeks or months, PTH can impact a person’s
If you are experiencing an
emergency dial 9-1-1 immediately and request an ambulance. For more information,
please call the main hospital line at 626-898-8000.