Lacosamide (By mouth)
Treats seizures in patients who have epilepsy.
VIMPAT, VimpatThere may be other brand names for this medicine.
When This Medicine Should Not Be Used:You should not use this medicine if you have had an allergic reaction to lacosamide, or if you have severe liver disease.
How to Use This Medicine:
- Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine to use and how often. Your dose may need to be changed several times in order to find out what works best for you. Do not use more medicine or use it more often than your doctor tells you to.
- You may take this medicine with or without food.
- This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions. Ask your pharmacist for the Medication Guide if you do not have one. Your doctor might ask you to sign some forms to show that you understand this information.
If a dose is missed:
- If you miss a dose or forget to use your medicine, use it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
How to Store and Dispose of This Medicine:
- Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.
- Ask your pharmacist, doctor, or health caregiver about the best way to dispose of any leftover medicine after you have finished your treatment. You will also need to throw away old medicine after the expiration date has passed.
- Keep all medicine away from children and never share your medicine with anyone.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid:
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
Warnings While Using This Medicine:
- Make sure your doctor knows if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have kidney disease, liver disease, diabetic neuropathy, or a history of depression or mental illness. Tell your doctor if you also have heart problems such as heart attack, heart block, heart failure, or heart rhythm problems (such as prolonged PR interval or sick sinus syndrome).
- If you develop any unusual or strange thoughts and behavior while taking lacosamide, be sure to discuss it with your doctor. Some changes that have occurred in people taking this medicine are like those seen in people who drink too much alcohol. Other changes might be confusion, worsening of depression, hallucinations (seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there), suicidal thoughts, and unusual excitement, nervousness, or irritability.
- This medicine may make you dizzy, drowsy, clumsy, or less alert. Avoid driving, using machines, or doing anything else that could be dangerous if you are not alert.
- Lacosamide may cause serious allergic reactions affecting multiple body organs such as the liver or kidney. Check with your doctor right away if you have the following symptoms: fever, dark urine, headache, rash, stomach pain, tiredness, or yellowing of the skin or the whites of your eyes.
- Do not stop using this medicine suddenly without asking your doctor. You may need to slowly decrease your dose before stopping it completely.
- Your doctor will need to check your progress at regular visits while you are using this medicine. Be sure to keep all appointments.
Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine:
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing.
- Confusion, depression, unusual behavior, or thoughts of hurting yourself.
- Dark-colored urine or pale stools.
- Fast or pounding heartbeat.
- Fever, chills, cough, sore throat, and body aches.
- Lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting.
- Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, or pain in your upper stomach.
- Problems with walking or balance control.
- Sleepiness or unusual drowsiness.
- Tremors or muscle cramps.
- Unsteadiness (having a hard time standing up).
- Yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes.
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
- Blurred vision or headache.
- Dry mouth or diarrhea.
- Feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings.
- Memory loss.
- Trouble concentrating.
If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088
Last Updated: 1/4/2011
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